Picture Notes: Pictures 1 to 2 are Narcissus cv. Dutch Master.
Pictures 3 to 4 are Narcissus cv. King Alfred..
Pictures 5 to 9 are Narcissus cv. Las Vegas.
Pictures 10 to 11 are Narcissus cv. Mount Hood
Pictures 12 to14 are Narcissus cv. Roseworthy.
Distribution: Native to Europe and North Africa.
Hardiness Zone: USDA Zones 3-7 (view
USDA zone map)
Size: 14-24 in. by 6-8 in., with 5-6 in. tall miniatures.
Form: Tunicate bulb. Bulb sizes are listed as Double nose 3, 2, 1 and Round 3. Roots emerge from the flat basal plate of the bulb. This plate also anchors the stem and the white fleshy scales which surround the pre-formed flower. The scales contain food the bulb will need to flower. The tunic, a thin outer skin, surrounds the entire bulb and prevents it from desiccation.
Stem/Bud: Stems are erect, grey/green, hollow and leafless.
Leaves: Leaves are basal, flat, strap-like, green/grey, 1/2-1 in. wide and parallel veined. After blooming, leaves turn yellow and die back.
Flower: Flowers have a long tubular corona and a perianth with six segments (petals). Trumpet Narcissus have only one flower per stem and the trumpet or corona is as long or longer than the perianth's six segments. Flowers are yellow, white, pink, bicolor, or colors other than mentioned. Depending on species, flowers bloom early, mid- or late spring, and last for 2-3 weeks. Flowers are already formed inside the bulb.
Fruit: Fruit are capsules with black, subglobose seeds.
Uses: Use between shrubs, in borders, near evergreens, as ground cover, for naturalizing and as cut flowers. Can be used for indoor forcing and as potted plants for winter bloom. For indoor forcing in pots, begin in September and plant bulbs 5 in. deep in soil. Keep water at a minimum, but do not allow to dry out. Store for 10-15 weeks in 45-50°F.
Problems: Intolerant of water-logged soil.
Culture: Grow in full sun to part-shade in well-drained soil which has been amended with organic material. Prepare beds in August and plant between September to November. Plant with the flattened base down 6 inches deep and 6 inches apart. Use a bulb planter or trowel. For compact or clay soils, use a bulb auger for planting. For best display, plant in groups of five or more. Deadhead bloom to prevent seed from forming. Leaves should be allowed to turn yellow (allow at least six weeks) before cutting back. Bulbs will multiply and require division after five or more years.
Notes: These bulbs are generally larger than most narcissus bulbs and best for bedding and cut flowers. Narcissus are deer-proof. Narcissus cv. Dutch Master is a classic and one of the best for pots, forcing and naturalizing. It grows 12-24 in. tall and blooms mid-spring. Dutch Master has a long, overlapping, soft medium yellow perianth with a large, long, serrated, flaring corona. Narcissus cv. King Alfred is also one of the best of the trumpet narcissus and has been in cultivation since 1899. It grows 2 ft. tall, has a deep golden yellow corona and perianth, is good for forcing, and blooms mid-spring. Narcissus cv. Mount Hood is a white classic trumpet narcissus and has been in cultivation since 1937. It grows 15-18 in. tall and is good for forcing. The flower opens with a yellow-white corona, which ages to off-white. Narcissus cv. Las Vegas has a yellow, upward-facing corona and white perianth. It grows 18-24 in. tall and blooms mid- to late spring. Narcissus cv. Roseworthy has a white perianth and a deep pink corona.
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