Distribution: Quebec and Ontario to Minnesota, south to Virginia, Alabama, and Missouri.
Hardiness Zone: USDA Zones 3-8 (view
USDA zone map)
Size: 6-12 in.
Form: Herbaceous rhizomatous perennial and wildflower.
Stem/Bud: Stems are slender, stiff, erect, straight, unbranched and covered with stiff hairs.
Leaves: Basal leaves are petioled, covered with hairs, veined underneath and heart-shaped at the base. Stem leaves are opposite, ovate, 3 to 5 palmately-lobed, serrated and almost sessile.
Flower: Flowers are white, small, translucent, crystal-like, 30 in. long, delicate and borne on slender, stiff, erect racemes. Flowers have 5 slender, narrow (1/16 in. wide), deeply incised, fringed petals; flowering April to May.
Fruit: Fruit are miter-shaped capsules with numerous, shiny, smooth, flat, broad, black seeds.
Uses: Found in rich, moist woods. Use in moist woodland or wildflower gardens.
Culture: Grow in full sun to part-shade in moist, organic, well-drained soil.
Notes 2: Native to Michigan.
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